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APA Interview Citation: A Guide You Don't Want to Miss Out

Don't know how to cite an interview in APA? You've come to the right place! In fact, citing your sources is an important thing to do when it comes to writing an essay. It doesn’t only help to show that you have done your work, but also demonstrates that you have the proper grasp on the subject. The only issue is that there are so many rules to remember! You should know what words to put first, and where to put commas. And so many other little details that are enough to drive anyone up the wall.

If you have ever felt like this when it comes to citing something, we are here to help make sense of APA citations. Specifically, we are going to cover how to cite an interview in APA format. This style guide will turn this seemingly confusing topic into an easy-to-follow, step-by-step process.

APA Citation Interview: Basics

It is important to cite every APA citation for an interview you use. This is because the reader needs to see it itself, if possible. Or find the people involved in it if they have follow-up questions. Generally, there are several types of interviews:

  1. Published. This type of interview can be easily retrieved. It can contain many free-form questions that move with the flow of conversation. Examples include a webpage, podcast, or a discussion with a TV host.
  2. Personal Communication. This type of interview cannot always be easily reached by readers. This can be phone communication, unrecorded lecture, online communication, email, etc.
  3. Research Participant. This is the most structured type where questions rarely deviate from a pre-approved set. Examples include formal lectures or formal conferences for your study.

Each of these types of interviews must be cited properly. Or not cited at all, which we will talk about later. Next, we will discuss how to correctly cite them within your paper.

In-Text Citation: APA Interview

Now, we will discuss how to in-text cite an interview APA. As a general rule of thumb for any citation in APA format, the first word that readers see in your Reference page should be the first word that is used to cite the source in-text.

For many types of citations, this means to use the author-date style of in-text citations. In case of interviews, one should list the last name of an author (aka the person doing the interview), and the year when it was conducted.

When paraphrasing material from an interview, place your citation information at the end of the sentence in parenthesis, then have a comma after the last name of an interviewee, followed by the year it was conducted.

Here’s an example of paraphrased work.

Example of APA in-text citation interview: “Some believe peanut butter sandwiches are the best sandwiches ever (Richard, 2021)”

When using quotations, place double quotation marks around quoted material. Make sure that your citation appears after the quotes, and the ending mark (period, exclamation point, etc.) placed after your citation.

Here’s an example of quotation.

Example of APA in-text citation interview with quotation: “According to Richard, "Peanut butter sandwiches are the best sandwiches" (2021). ”

How to Cite an Interview in an APA Reference Page

Now, we will cover how to cite an interview on the APA reference page. Please note that only published ones, like those found on websites or in magazines, can be placed on your Reference page because they can be easily retrieved by readers.

When it comes to citing an interview, it largely depends on the format that it was conducted in. For example, if it was a podcast conference, then you would cite it like you would a podcast.

However, if you are not sure how to cite an interview on an APA Reference page, there are a few things that you can do to make sure you have all information. Include as many of these as possible.

Source should contain the following:

  1. The last name and an initial of the first name of an interviewer.
  2. A year, month, and day are in parenthesis with a comma between a year and month.
  3. Title of article in italics.
  4. Title of the work.
  5. Page number (if applicable).
  6. URL

Let's take a look at an example of citing a magazine.

Example of APA in-text citation a magazine: “Richard R. (2021, March 18) Which Sandwich is the Best? A Top Chief Gives His Personal Opinion. Eaters Monthly, 2(4), p37-30.”

These are some basic elements that you should look for when you are citing an interview. Now, we will discuss how to cite other kinds.

How to Cite in-Person Interviews: APA

An APA citation for personal interview has a strict guideline. Everyone should follow it when it comes to making sure it is cited correctly. A personal interview is more of an intangible thing: it isn't published so readers can't pull it up to see it themselves. Telephone conversations, text messages, and social media messages. All of these fall under this umbrella term.

Because you cannot publish these for readers to see, they cannot be listed in your Reference Page, and so should be included only in in-text citations where they appear.

In this case, what should be included in parenthesis after paraphrased or quoted material? It's simple: just write the first initial of the first name, followed by the last name of an interviewee. Then add some words like "personal communication" and its date.

Let's look at an example below.

Example of APA citation in-person interviews: “ Some do not like ham sandwiches (R. Stevens, personal communication, March 18, 2021) ”

Quoting Participants in Research: APA

Quoting participants in qualitative research in APA style may seem confusing at first. But it is actually quite simple. Because these are interviews you are doing for your own research, you do not need to provide readers with a reference page citation or a parenthetical citation. You only should provide the name of an interviewee and keep that name consistent. You should clearly state that this was done for your study, and that he/she/they is a participant in that study.

It is important to mention a participant’s name in your study. If you are interviewing a person for your own study who wishes to be kept anonymous, then you should change the name of this participant who wishes to have their name changed. This will help to keep an honor and integrity of your study.

Writing in accordance with your own study should look something like this:

Example of APA citation quoting participants in research: “Eric is a 27-year-old participant who has much experience working with sandwiches. He stated in an interview that, in his experience, he finds people who use white bread get a sandwich of lower quality than those who use artisan bread. ”

Creating APA Citation for a Personal Interview

You may have questions about how you cite an interview you conducted in APA style. This is rather simple.

You should list the name of a person (last name and first initial), then, specify date and type of interview.

Hover over this example to get a better idea.

Example of APA citation a personal interview: “ Richard, R. (2021, March 16) Personal Interview [Personal Interview] ”

How to Cite a Website Interview in APA

When you are making an APA citation for an online interview, there are a few things writers should keep in mind.

Because this is a published interview, you should mention the name of an author - last name and first initial. Then, a year of publication, month, and day it was made. After that, include the title of your web page in italics, then cite name, its URL.

Let’s look at the example below.

Example of APA citation a website: “Richard, R. (2021, March 16) Interview with a Chief. Cook All Day. ”

How to Cite an Interview From YouTube in APA

The interview citation for a Youtube video is very similar to a website one.

You still should follow a similar format: the name of a person who is an owner of the channel (or main host). Include their screen name in brackets. Then, a date that this video was posted (or date that this video was accessed by you). Next, you need a title of a video in italics. After that, the word "video" should appear in brackets to signify medium of information. Then, mention the streaming service you used to watch a video. in this case, it will be Youtube. Lastly, include its URL so it is easy to find.

Here’s an example on how to cite an interview from Youtube in APA.

Example of APA citation from Youtube: “Coltrain J. [SmellyGabe]. (2020, February 12). The World Turned Upside down: An Interview with Johnny K. [Video]. Youtube. ”

How to Cite a Newspaper Interview in APA

When it comes to a newspaper interview citation, you need a few things. Mention the name of an author, a day it was published or last updated if it’s published online. Then, include an interview title, the name of a newspaper in italics, and its URL.

All of these things should be provided in your article.

Let’s look at an example of newspaper interview citation in APA below:

Example of APA citation a newspaper interview: “ Rogers, S. (2020, July 24) My Time as a Teacher in New York City. Education News.”

Bottom Line

Speaking about an average APA format interview citation, things can seem a bit confusing. But there are a few simple guidelines every writer should remember:

  1. When talking about citations for formally published work, the first name you use in your citation is an author of this work, not interviewee.
  2. When it comes to ones you conduct yourself, you use the name of a person you interviewed first, then list it as a personal interview.
  3. If readers cannot access the results in some way, then it cannot be formally listed on your Reference Page.
  4. You should not cite anything if you are interviewing someone for your study. They are participants and should be listed by the name they want to see in print.

With these guidelines, you can write your citations quickly and easily.

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Emma Flores knows all about formatting standards. She shares with StudyCrumb readers tips on creating academic papers that will meet high-quality standards.

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