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AMA In-Text Citation: Basics

Have you ever found yourself googling AMA in-text citation? It’s a ‘been there, done that’ type of thing, especially if your professor wants some fancy citations and references done for tomorrow. Still, no worries, keep on reading, and you’ll know everything there is to understand about AMA. Direct quotes will no longer seem like a big deal. You’ll also conquer classical book citation. As a nice bonus, we also cover figures and tables. Because let’s be honest, those buggers are a struggle. So grab a coffee and enjoy a brief walk through AMA references.

In Text Citation: AMA

In-text citation AMA may seem confusing at first, but you’ve got this. First thing you should know: we use AMA Style primarily for medical research and manuscripts. All universities have their preferred formats and reference styles. So check with your professor before choosing a layout on your own. But if you want to cite some material in AMA, here’s what you might want to consider:

  • Each source is cited in numerical order using superscript Arabic numerals.
  • All numerals go after commas and periods.
  • If you have a semicolon or colon, numbers go below.

Check out these examples:

  1. Chocolate ice cream increases productivity.1
  2. The data is as follows2:

P.S. References help to avoid plagiarism! Besides, crediting authors is not only polite, but it's an academic must.

AMA In Text Citation: Direct Quote

If you want to take someone’s word without changes, you should use AMA format in-text citation for a direct quote. Direct here means that there’s no need to change neither the meaning nor the author's wording. Therefore, to credit a writer, the source should be taken in quotation marks. It’s not your original work, so formatting is vital. Apart from quotation marks, Arabic numerals should also be used. We talked about it, remember, right? Here’s a little example to see what we mean:

“It was proven that an hour nap should be allowed in a workplace.” 3

How Do You Cite a Book In Text Using AMA Format?

Lucky for us, the AMA book in-text citation is the same as a journal one. You’ll use Arabic numbers, superscripts, and all that good stuff. However, there’s a little ‘but,’ sadly.

How should one deal with two or more cited books?

  1. One should use commas for consecutive numbers like so: Sushi is not for everyone.1,4,8
  2. One should use hyphens for consecutive numerals: Pizza, however, is loved by everyone.1-7
  3. Combining all our examples is also possible: You can never go wrong with fruits.1,3-5,20

Lastly, pay attention to a lack of spaces between superscripts. As seen, everything is written with no break between numbers or commas.

How to Cite Multiple Sentences From Same Source AMA?

If you see AMA citations in-text repeating any other source, don't worry. We have protocols for that too! Our principle will remain similar: superscript, commas, no spaces, and hyphens. But this time, we'll need an additional trick — page number. If you take different information from the same source, include pages in parentheses. Your reference should look something like this:

  • Dogs should be protected.2(p6)
  • Unicorns exist, and it's a fact.2(p7)

And, yes, apparently, AMA is allergic to spaces and excessive punctuation. No spaces or full stops should go here too.

AMA In Text Citation: Multiple Authors

You might have noticed that the AMA in-text citation doesn't go further than numbers. But if you want to include the author's names, you're free to do that. However, citations will solely include last names. Of course, there's an example:

  • Brown1 noted that he likes cats more than dogs.

In case there are two authors use this format:

  • Brown and Grey2 prefer rainy weather.

If you have multiple (more than two) authors ​​you should follow this format:

  • Brown et al.3 proved that walking in the park is fun.

Using "et al.," "and associates," or "and colleagues" will substitute all other last names. Sadly, no one will know that apart from Brown, Green and Grey also like parks.

How to In Text Cite Figures and Tables in AMA?

To cite figures in text AMA is also relatively easy, especially with our guide. AMA in-text citation tables must follow the same old consecutive order. They are also referenced using Arabic numbers. In other words, each piece of information or item you retrieved from an outside source should look like this:

Table 1. Types of Ice-Cream
Data from those who like desserts.1

In case you only have one table, you don't have to include its number. "Table" or "Figure" will do just fine.

Final Thoughts on Citing AMA In Text

Now you know everything there is about AMA format in-text citation. So our job here is finished. But to wrap things up… We want to remind you that superscripts are the main characteristics of AMA. Moreover, this format needs in-texts on pages with sources, and they must be in consecutive order.

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FAQ about AMA In-Text Citation

What is the difference between AMA and APA citation style when citing in-text references?

Citing AMA in-text requires only superscripts. This style prefers bold numbers with no extra names or names. In contrast, in APA style in-text citing is slightly wordier. APA in-texts contain the authors’ last names and the publication date, depending on the source: (Brown, 2021). APA's direct quotes can also include the page number, but with spaces, commas, and full stops.

Do you have to put in-text citations after every sentence AMA?

AMA in-text citation is only needed after the last sentence of paraphrase. If the rewritten source cannot be distinguished from the main work, you can include the author. They must be put in parenthetical citations. This will help to avoid plagiarism.

How do you cite unpublished manuscript in-text AMA?

AMA citing in the text can also include unpublished manuscripts. If a publication is not yet approved, you should mention it parenthetically. There's no need to add it to the reference list. So works cited in the text will do just fine if they belong to personal communication. Other than that, the system doesn't differ from official books and journals that are also cited in the articles.

Emma Flores knows all about formatting standards. She shares with StudyCrumb readers tips on creating academic papers that will meet high-quality standards.

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