Everything is not that complicated if you know where to find the required information. We’ll tell you everything there is to know about writing your discussion. Our easy guide covers all important bits, including research questions and your research results. Do you know how all enumerated events are connected? Well, you will after reading this guide we’ve prepared for you!
What Is in the Discussion Section of a Research Paper
The discussion section of a research paper can be viewed as something similar to the conclusion of your paper. But not literal, of course. It’s an ultimate section where you can talk about the findings of your study. Think about these questions when writing:
- Did you answer all of the promised research questions?
- Did you mention why your work matters?
- What are your findings, and why should anyone even care?
- Does your study have a literature review?
So, answer your questions, provide proof, and don’t forget about your promises from the introduction.
How to Write a Discussion Section in 5 Steps
How to write the discussion section of a research paper is something everyone googles eventually. It's just life. But why not make everything easier? In brief, this section we’re talking about must include all following parts:
- Answers for research questions
- Literature review
- Results of the work
- Limitations of one’s study
- Overall conclusion
Indeed, all those parts may confuse anyone. So by looking at our guide, you'll save yourself some hassle.
P.S. All our steps are easy and explained in detail!
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Step 1. Start Strong: Discussion Section of a Research Paper
First and foremost, how to start the discussion section of a research paper? Here’s what you should definitely consider before settling down to start writing:
- All essays or papers must begin strong. All readers will not wait for any writer to get to the point. We advise summarizing the paper's main findings.
- Moreover, you should relate both discussion and literature review to what you have discovered. Mentioning that would be a plus too.
- Make sure that an introduction or start per se is clear and concise. Word count might be needed for school. But any paper should be understandable and not too diluted.
Step 2. Answer the Questions in Your Discussion Section of a Research Paper
Writing the discussion section of a research paper also involves mentioning your questions. Remember that in your introduction, you have promised your readers to answer certain questions. Well, now it’s a perfect time to finally give the awaited answer.
You need to explain all possible correlations between your findings, research questions, and literature proposed. You already had hypotheses. So were they correct, or maybe you want to propose certain corrections? Section’s main goal is to avoid open ends. It’s not a story or a fairytale with an intriguing ending. If you have several questions, you must answer them. As simple as that.
Step 3. Relate Your Results in a Discussion Section
Writing a discussion section of a research paper also requires any writer to explain their results. You will undoubtedly include an impactful literature review. However, your readers should not just try and struggle with understanding what are some specific relationships behind previous studies and your results.
Your results should sound something like: “This guy in their paper discovered that apples are green. Nevertheless, I have proven via experimentation and research that apples are actually red.”
Please, don’t take these results directly. It’s just an initial hypothesis. But what you should definitely remember is any practical implications of your study. Why does it matter and how can anyone use it? That’s the most crucial question.
Step 4. Describe the Limitations in Your Discussion Section
Discussion section of a research paper isn’t limitless. What does that mean? Essentially, it means that you also have to discuss any limitations of your study. Maybe you had some methodological inconsistencies. Possibly, there are no particular theories or not enough information for you to be entirely confident in one’s conclusions.
You might say that an available source of literature you have studied does not focus on one’s issue. That’s why one’s main limitation is theoretical. However, keep in mind that your limitations must possess a certain degree of relevancy. You can just say that you haven’t found enough books. Your information must be truthful to research.
Step 5. Conclude Your Discussion Section With Recommendations
Your last step when you write a discussion section in a paper is its conclusion, like in any other academic work. Writer’s conclusion must be as strong as their starting point of the overall work. Check out our brief list of things to know about the conclusion in research paper:
- It must present its scientific relevance and importance of your work.
- It should include different implications of your research.
- It should not, however, discuss anything new or things that you have not mentioned before.
- Leave no open questions and carefully complete the work without them.
Discussion Section of a Research Paper Example
All the best example discussion sections of a research paper will be written according to our brief guide. Don’t forget that you need to state your findings and underline the importance of your work. An undoubtedly big part of one’s discussion will definitely be answering and explaining the research questions.
In other words, you’ll already have all the knowledge you have so carefully gathered. Our last step for you is to recollect and wrap up your paper. But we’re sure you’ll succeed!
How to Write a Discussion Section: Final Thoughts
Today we have covered how to write a discussion section. That was quite a brief journey, wasn’t it? Just to remind you to focus on these things:
- Importance of your study.
- Summary of the information you have gathered.
- Main findings and conclusions.
- Answers to all research questions without an open end.
- Correlation between literature review and your results.
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Discussion Section of a Research Paper: Frequently Asked Questions
1. How long should the discussion section of a research paper be?
Our discussion section of a research paper should not be longer than other sections. So try to keep it short but as informative as possible. It usually contains around 6-7 paragraphs in length. It is enough to briefly summarize all the important data and not to drag it.
2. What's the difference between the discussion and the results?
The difference between discussion and results is very simple and easy to understand. The results only report your main findings. You stated what you have found and how you have done that. In contrast, one’s discussion mentions your findings and explains how they relate to other literature, research questions, and one’s hypothesis. Therefore, it is not only a report but an efficient as well as proper explanation.
3. What's the difference between a discussion and a conclusion?
The difference between discussion and conclusion is also quite easy. Conclusion is a brief summary of all the findings and results. Still, our favorite discussion section interprets and explains your main results. It is an important but more lengthy and wordy part. Besides, it uses extra literature for references.
4. What is the purpose of the discussion section?
The primary purpose of a discussion section is to interpret and describe all your interesting findings. Therefore, you should state what you have learned, whether your hypothesis was correct and how your results can be explained using other sources. If this section is clear to readers, our congratulations as you have succeeded.